2.7- Using nouns and adjectives together in simple sentences.
Adjectives are words that describe or modify a person or a thing in a sentence. Like in English adjectives are placed before the nouns in Turkish language as well. However, in the contrary of English, articles “bir” are placed between the nouns and the adjectives in Turkish language.
When there is an adjective in a sentence that starts with a plural demonstrative pronoun, noun must be used in plural form.
The question word “How” or “what kind of” means “Nasıl” in Turkish language.
Now, let’s have a look at the examples in the table below and fiil in the blanks in the following table.
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2.8- Compound Nouns (Noun + Noun form) and the second vowel harmony rules
A compound noun is a noun that is made up of two or more words in order to make its basic meaning more specific and clear. Compound nouns can be made using different combinations of the words.
We are going to study “Noun + Noun” form which includes a modifier noun that modifies the meaning of the second noun. There are certain suffixes that are added to the end of the second noun in order to form compound nouns including two nouns. These suffixes are chosen according to the last vowel of the second noun.
Now let’s study the classification of the vowels in the table below.
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The second vowel harmony rule is applied in order to form compound nouns including two nouns. One of the certain letters in the table is added to the end of the second noun in the compound noun. The first noun (modifier) does not take any suffixes while using “Noun + Noun” form.
There is another little rule that must be learnt in order to form compound nouns. Since two vowels cannot come together in Turkish the second nouns that end with a vowel firstly take the buffer letter “-S” and after that take one of the suffixes in the table above.
Now let’s analyze the example compound nouns in the table below and naturally internalize this operation answering the questions loudly in the table in the following tables.
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