The Turkish alphabet has twenty nine letters, including eight vowels and twenty one consonants. Since each letter in the alphabet represents only one sound, letters are always read as they are written.
Therefore anyone who knows the soudns of the letters properly, can easily start reading Turkish in a short time. Here is the Turkish alphabet in capital and small letters.
1.2- Yumuşak G (Soft G “Ğ,ğ”)
1-) If there is a consonant after soft g or it is at the end of the word.
Soft g simply doubles the sound of the vowel before it by creating a second softer voice. For instance while the word ” Öğretmen ” is being pronounced, soft g creates another softer sound of the letter ö after it. In this case the word is heard like ” Ööretmen “. This special letter is never used at the beginning of a word.
2-) If there is a vowel after soft g.
Soft g has almost no sound when it is between two vowels. At the beginning of Turkish language learning process, It may be appropriate to think that it only serves in order to visually seperate two vowels. On the other hand, it will be seen that soft g combines the sounds of two vowels when the words are listened to carrefully . For instance while the word ” Bağır ” is being pronounced, soft g combines the sounds of the two vowels and it is heard like ” Baır ” .
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1.3- Pronunciation Exercises
Turkish has some specific sounds that do not exist in the most of the other languages. Therefore, it is extremely important to learn and try to pronounce the sounds as accurately and carefully as possible throughout all the pronunciation exercises.
Since almost the all of language learners intend to start speaking right away, very few learners pay enough attention on this essential subject.
On the other hand, it is a proven, research based fact that language learners who pronounce the words slowly and carefully have been showing much better results than impatient students.
The eight vowels of Turkish alphabet are divided into two different groups as dotted (front) and undotted (back) vowels, in order to make a short introduction to vowel harmony rules.
Although the letter E does not have a dot on it, it is considered as a dotted vowel in order group vowels in Turkish language. There are basic and daily Turkish words that should be memorized in the table below.
Now, please pronounce the Turkish words in the table as slowly and carefully as possible.
Terms And Conditions
We offer one to one and group Turkish lessons up to five individuals. The Turkish language level of learners must be equal or close enough in order to be able to benefit from group lessons properly.
Your English level must be at least elementary level or more in order to take benefits of skype Turkish lessons.
We generally use our specially designed Turkish learning materials during the lessons. If the students would like to use different books, they must get in touch with us before the lessons.
We accept payments through Paypal or IBAN bank transfer. Paypal is the safest and easiest way to make payments online.
30$ for an hour.
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1.4- Pronunciataion differences of the tailed and dotted letters
There are three vowels which have dotted and undotted forms ( I, O, U – İ, Ö, Ü ) and two consonants which have tailed and non-tailed forms ( C, S – Ç, Ş ) in Turkish alphabet. These letters have different sounds than their undotted and non-tailed forms. Since these special sounds are not used in the most of the languages and they do not exist in Latin alphabet, they must be learned deeply by exercising the sounds insistently at the beginning of Turkish language acquisition process.
Although the letter A is considered as an undotted and the letter E is considered as a dotted vowel, they do not exist in the table below in order to show the sound differences between the vowels who have very similar shapes.
Now, please practice the Turkish sounds remembering their English sound equivalents in the table. As always, please do not hurry and try to pronounce the sounds as carefully and slowly as possible.
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