The Turkish alphabet has twenty nine letters, including eight vowels and twenty one consonants. Since each letter in the alphabet represents only one sound, letters are always read as they are written.
Therefore anyone who knows the soudns of the letters properly, can easily start reading Turkish in a short time. Here is the Turkish alphabet in capital and small letters.
1.2- Yumuşak G (Soft G “Ğ,ğ”)
1-) If there is a consonant after soft g or it is at the end of the word.
Soft g simply doubles the sound of the vowel before it by creating a second softer voice. For instance while the word ” Öğretmen ” is being pronounced, soft g creates another softer sound of the letter ö after it. In this case the word is heard like ” Ööretmen “. This special letter is never used at the beginning of a word.
2-) If there is a vowel after soft g.
Soft g has almost no sound when it is between two vowels. At the beginning of Turkish language learning process, It may be appropriate to think that it only serves in order to visually seperate two vowels. On the other hand, it will be seen that soft g combines the sounds of two vowels when the words are listened to carrefully . For instance while the word ” Bağır ” is being pronounced, soft g combines the sounds of the two vowels and it is heard like ” Baır ” .
Please read “Terms and conditions” section below. Fill up the little form below to take a free Turkish trial lesson that your teacher will determine your needs and level.
An e-mail that includes your Turkish teacher’s skype id and avaliable hours informations will be sent to you quickly.
1.3- Pronunciation Exercises
Turkish has some specific sounds that do not exist in the most of the other languages. Therefore, it is extremely important to learn and try to pronounce the sounds as accurately and carefully as possible throughout all the pronunciation exercises.
Since almost the all of language learners intend to start speaking right away, very few learners pay enough attention on this essential subject.
On the other hand, it is a proven, research based fact that language learners who pronounce the words slowly and carefully have been showing much better results than impatient students.
The eight vowels of Turkish alphabet are divided into two different groups as dotted (front) and undotted (back) vowels, in order to make a short introduction to vowel harmony rules.
Although the letter E does not have a dot on it, it is considered as a dotted vowel in order group vowels in Turkish language. There are basic and daily Turkish words that should be memorized in the table below.
Now, please pronounce the Turkish words in the table as slowly and carefully as possible.
Terms And Conditions
We offer one to one and group Turkish lessons up to five individuals. The Turkish language level of learners must be equal or close enough in order to be able to benefit from group lessons properly.
Your English level must be at least elementary level or more in order to take benefits of skype Turkish lessons.
We generally use our specially designed Turkish learning materials during the lessons. If the students would like to use different books, they must get in touch with us before the lessons.
We accept payments through Paypal or IBAN bank transfer. Paypal is the safest and easiest way to make payments online.
30$ for an hour.
27$ for two hours in a week.
25$ for three hours in a week.
22$ for five hours in a week.
1.4- Pronunciataion differences of the tailed and dotted letters
There are three vowels which have dotted and undotted forms ( I, O, U – İ, Ö, Ü ) and two consonants which have tailed and non-tailed forms ( C, S – Ç, Ş ) in Turkish alphabet. These letters have different sounds than their undotted and non-tailed forms. Since these special sounds are not used in the most of the languages and they do not exist in Latin alphabet, they must be learned deeply by exercising the sounds insistently at the beginning of Turkish language acquisition process.
Although the letter A is considered as an undotted and the letter E is considered as a dotted vowel, they do not exist in the table below in order to show the sound differences between the vowels who have very similar shapes.
Now, please practice the Turkish sounds remembering their English sound equivalents in the table. As always, please do not hurry and try to pronounce the sounds as carefully and slowly as possible.
I know I will succeed! I am very grateful to you for your help, sometimes I do not have the energy or time to study well. But with you having fun and you always understand what I'm trying to say.
Cecile HUNGORN - Japan
- Dear Teacher, I am speechless!!!!!!! The Best Lesson!!!!! You are a GREAT TEACHER!!! You make Turkish Grammar be so understandable!!! Thank you!!!
Umar - America
Good study materials and teacher speaks Turkish slowly, just like in real life language teacher who teaches students in class. Just that, the internet connection and sound quality were good as well, that I could hear the sound very clearly. I plan to double my Turkish lessons in the future. Thank you so much.
Adel - Brazil
Professional and fun teaching approach throughout the online lessons. I have been taking classes for more than 3 months and I will continue taking lessons until acquiring Turkish language properly.
Eric - Istanbul
Excellent session I felt that I could learn and study better. Besides the helpful Turkish exercises that we did together, we talked about many different topics in Turkish what help me to get more confident in speaking.
Renato - Portuguese
Very promising trial section using a basic reading passage. We red and translated the passage and then I answered many super easy questions about the passage aloud. Teacher is able to speak english well and that makes the lesson more effective
Mitch - America
Great first session, I will be taking this class again. I like how we read and speak Turkish together. The most helpful part for me was listening to simple questions in Turkish about the short reading; it helped with my understanding. I definitely recommend online skype Turkish lessons for Turkish learners.
Rick - United States
Duru is an excellent teacher and the session was great. In this session she went through all the Turkish resources we might use in the course and explained how the different classes work. She also answered a lot of questions I had about pronunciation, grammar and informal conversation. Thanks.
Ratul KERMET - India
A very nice and patient teacher. Thank you, this was really a fun lesson. I enjoyed it very much. We read a text and he asked me many many questions based on the text. We talked about some unknown vocabulary and he answered all my questions! A very convincing first lesson. See you soon!
Jennifer - America
I would recommend this web site to others. I have just started learning Turkish and this was only my first speaking lesson with a live tutor. Teacher sent me some roleplay and exercises before the class which we used during the lesson. The lesson was a combination of reading and understanding the roleplay and then an introduction into some grammer exercises. Teacher also set some homework for correction. I look forward to having the next class.
Neil - Australia
Turkish Teachers are not only professional but also so friendly, I feel like knowing them so long time. I love their approach that help me understand and feel better.
Nataly TORBNU - Russia
Another fantastic lesson with this teacher, who is very patient but also manages to challenge the student. I felt that by the end of the lesson I was much more confident with major vowel harmony, although I will definitely need to revise on my own what we studied as Turkish is SO FUN!
Jane - England
Another excellent lesson. After only a couple of lessons with this teacher I feel more confident and have started to think that learning Turkish might be possible after all!
Elena - Russia
My first lesson with the teacher was a very positive experience. He quickly gauged my level and within minutes we were studying vowel concordance and consonant mutation, which is something I always find very tricky. I look forward to my next lesson.
Masako - Japan
I really enjoy talking with the teachers of this web site. They really are friendly, professional and helpful. They have a long list of questions that can be used, or you can just hold a simple general conversation. The teachers speak english very well and can easily explain how to say something, or what something means. When a word or phrase comes up that you don't know, they correct you and types in the word on the message box so you can review it later. I highly recommend the services of this web site.
Tim - İstanbul