2.4- Making Turkish Nouns Plural with plurilazer suffixes “ler,lar”
There are two different suffixes that are added to the end of the nouns in order to pluralize them. These suffixes are chosen in accordance with Turkish vowel harmony rules. The suffixes “ler” and “lar” are added to the end of a noun according to its last vowel.
Eight Turkish vowels are divided into two groups as front vowels (dotted vowels) which are “E, İ, Ö, Ü” and back vowels (undotted vowels) which are “A, I, O, U” and this rule will be called as the First vowel harmony rule throughout these online grammar lessons. A Turkish noun is pluralized by adding the
pluralizer suffixes at the end of it. Turkish words whose last vowel is one of the vowels in front vowels group are pluralized by adding the suffix “-ler” and the words whose last vowel is one of the vowels in back vowels group are pluralized by adding the suffix “-lar”
Turkish vowel harmony rules are definitely the most improtant subject in Turkish grammar that must be learnt deeply at the beginning of Turkish language acqusition process. Now let’s have a look at the examples in the table below.
Please read “Terms and conditions” section below. Fill up the little form below to take a free Turkish trial lesson that your teacher will determine your needs and level.
An e-mail that includes your Turkish teacher’s skype id and avaliable hours informations will be sent to you quickly.
2.5- Plural Demonstrative Pronouns “Bunlar, Şunlar, Onlar”
“Bunlar” (these) is generally used to point or refer the things that are close to you. “Bunlar” can be also used for the things that has just been mentioned in a conversation or a text.
“Şunlar”(those) must be used for the things at a considerable distance. Şunlar can be used to direct the listener’s attention towards the things not previously mentioned during the conversation. But as soon as the listener notices the things referred to, both of the speakers have to begin to use the demonstrative pronoun“Bunlar”
Please be careful with using the demonstrative pronoun “Şunlar”, because sometimes “Şunlar” may have a slightly derogatory meaning in daily life.Thus, we must be especially careful when we put it in a sentence to point the people that we do not know. But the demonstrative pronoun “Şunlar” can be used for the things in any situation.
“Onlar” (those) must be used for the things that are far away. This demonstrative pronoun is also used as a personal pronoun to “they” in Turkish. The difference between “şunlar” and “onlar” can be hard to understand for the foreign people. Our suggestion is to use “onlar”. Native speakers use “şunlar” seldom. “Onlar” can replace “şunlar” in every situation, bu do not try the reverse because “şunlar” cannot always replace “onlar”.
Bunlar, Şunlar and Onlar are almost always used with singular nouns when there are no adjectives in the sentences. Now, please have a look at the examples in the table below and practice pronouncing them.
Terms And Conditions
We offer one to one and group Turkish lessons up to five individuals. The Turkish language level of learners must be equal or close enough in order to be able to benefit from group lessons properly.
Your English level must be at least elementary level or more in order to take benefits of skype Turkish lessons.
We generally use our specially designed Turkish learning materials during the lessons. If the students would like to use different books, they must get in touch with us before the lessons.
We accept payments through Paypal or IBAN bank transfer. Paypal is the safest and easiest way to make payments online.
30$ for an hour.
27$ for two hours in a week.
25$ for three hours in a week.
22$ for five hours in a week.
2.6- Saying “What are these ?””Bunlar ne ?, Bunlar nedir ?”“What are those ?”“Onlar ne ?, Onlar nedir?”
There are two forms of saying “What are these” in Turkish language. In everyday conversation people generally say “Bunlar ne ?” which is informal and less polite than saying “Bunlar nedir ?”. The demonstrative pronoun “Bunlar” can be changed with “Şunlar or Onlar” in order to say “What are those” “Şunlar ne” or “Onlar ne”
Now please have a look at the first five examples in the table below and create your own questions and answers putting the words in a correct order in the table in the next table.
Excellent session I felt that I could learn and study better. Besides the helpful Turkish exercises that we did together, we talked about many different topics in Turkish what help me to get more confident in speaking.
Renato - Portuguese
A very nice and patient teacher. Thank you, this was really a fun lesson. I enjoyed it very much. We read a text and he asked me many many questions based on the text. We talked about some unknown vocabulary and he answered all my questions! A very convincing first lesson. See you soon!
Jennifer - America
Another excellent lesson. After only a couple of lessons with this teacher I feel more confident and have started to think that learning Turkish might be possible after all!
Elena - Russia
I really enjoy talking with the teachers of this web site. They really are friendly, professional and helpful. They have a long list of questions that can be used, or you can just hold a simple general conversation. The teachers speak english very well and can easily explain how to say something, or what something means. When a word or phrase comes up that you don't know, they correct you and types in the word on the message box so you can review it later. I highly recommend the services of this web site.
Tim - İstanbul
I know I will succeed! I am very grateful to you for your help, sometimes I do not have the energy or time to study well. But with you having fun and you always understand what I'm trying to say.
Cecile HUNGORN - Japan
Good study materials and teacher speaks Turkish slowly, just like in real life language teacher who teaches students in class. Just that, the internet connection and sound quality were good as well, that I could hear the sound very clearly. I plan to double my Turkish lessons in the future. Thank you so much.
Adel - Brazil
I would recommend this web site to others. I have just started learning Turkish and this was only my first speaking lesson with a live tutor. Teacher sent me some roleplay and exercises before the class which we used during the lesson. The lesson was a combination of reading and understanding the roleplay and then an introduction into some grammer exercises. Teacher also set some homework for correction. I look forward to having the next class.
Neil - Australia
- Dear Teacher, I am speechless!!!!!!! The Best Lesson!!!!! You are a GREAT TEACHER!!! You make Turkish Grammar be so understandable!!! Thank you!!!
Umar - America
Turkish Teachers are not only professional but also so friendly, I feel like knowing them so long time. I love their approach that help me understand and feel better.
Nataly TORBNU - Russia
Professional and fun teaching approach throughout the online lessons. I have been taking classes for more than 3 months and I will continue taking lessons until acquiring Turkish language properly.
Eric - Istanbul
Great first session, I will be taking this class again. I like how we read and speak Turkish together. The most helpful part for me was listening to simple questions in Turkish about the short reading; it helped with my understanding. I definitely recommend online skype Turkish lessons for Turkish learners.
Rick - United States
Very promising trial section using a basic reading passage. We red and translated the passage and then I answered many super easy questions about the passage aloud. Teacher is able to speak english well and that makes the lesson more effective
Mitch - America
My first lesson with the teacher was a very positive experience. He quickly gauged my level and within minutes we were studying vowel concordance and consonant mutation, which is something I always find very tricky. I look forward to my next lesson.
Masako - Japan
Another fantastic lesson with this teacher, who is very patient but also manages to challenge the student. I felt that by the end of the lesson I was much more confident with major vowel harmony, although I will definitely need to revise on my own what we studied as Turkish is SO FUN!
Jane - England
Duru is an excellent teacher and the session was great. In this session she went through all the Turkish resources we might use in the course and explained how the different classes work. She also answered a lot of questions I had about pronunciation, grammar and informal conversation. Thanks.
Ratul KERMET - India